Cu Chi Tunnels Vietnam Guide: Facts, Length, History with Map

 Cu Chi Tunnels are an underground defense system in Cu Chi District, 70 km northwest of Ho Chi Minh City. This system was dug by the Viet Minh resistance army and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam during the Indochina War and the Vietnam War. The tunnel system consists of infirmary, many rooms, kitchen, storage, office, underground tunnel system, about 250 km long and ventilation systems located at the bushes.

Cu Chi Tunnels Map

Map of Cu Chi Tunnels System

Cu Chi Tunnels were built at the end of the Ho Chi Minh Trail, on a land known as "steel land" to praise the resilient will of the people and army here. During the 1968 Tet Offensive, the Southern Liberation Army came from this tunnel system to attack Saigon.

  • History of Cu Chi Tunnels System:

Cu Chi Tunnels are a common term for the different tunnels, formed between 1946-1948, during the Indochina War (French War). During this time, the militia and people of Tan Phu Trung and Phuoc Vinh An dug short tunnels, a simple structure used to hide people and hide documents and weapons. It was also suggested that the excavation started by the people of this area spontaneously in 1948.

Cu Chi Tunnels Tour

Ventilation Air Holes in Cu Chi Tunnels

Residents dug individual tunnels and tunnels to avoid the raids of the French army and to provide shelter for the Viet Minh. Each village built a separate tunnel, then due to the need to travel between the tunnels of the villages, the tunnel system was interconnected to form a continuous, complex tunnel system, which later expanded. In many places, especially 6 communes in the North of Cu Chi and the structure of tunnels and tunnels has been improved to become a place to hide forces, when fighting, they can contact and support each other.

During 1961–1965, the northern communes of Cu Chi completed the axis of the tunnel called "the backbone", after which unions, agencies and units developed the branch to connect with the axis. Tunnels between hamlets, communes and regions. Above the surface, the Cu Chi army and people also dug a trench that was interconnected with the tunnel, at which time the battle tunnel was also dug into many layers, many alleys. In addition, on the tunnel there are many battle mounds, minefields, nail holes, bunkers ... arranged in continuous clusters to create a solid battlefield in the guerrilla warfare, called battle commune.

Cu Chi Tunnels

Booby Trap in Cu Chi Tunnels

By 1965, about 200 km of the tunnel were dug. In terms of scale, the tunnel system has a total length of over 200 km, with 3 different depth layers, the upper layer is about 3 m above the ground, the middle layer is about 6 m above the ground, the bottom layer is deeper than 12 m. At this time, the tunnel is not only a shelter but has become a place to live, ambulance, meeting, arsenal, ...

  • Structure of Cu chi Tunnels System:

Cu Chi Tunnels were dug on a laterite clay area, so it is durable and less prone to landslides. The tunnel system is located deep underground, can withstand the destructive power of the largest blockbusters of the US military. Air is drawn into the tunnel through the vents. Different areas of the tunnel can be isolated as needed.

Cu Chi Tunnels Tour

Commander Room in Cu Chi Tunnels System

The tunnel is 3 to 12 meters deep under ground, the height is only enough for one person to stoop. The first basement at the edge of the forest has an underground well that provides drinking water and living for the entire tunnel.

The tunnel system consists of 3 floors, from the "backbone" radiating countless long, short branches connecting each other, with branches extending to the Saigon River. Level one 3m under ground, resistant to bullets and the weight of tanks, armored vehicles.

2nd floor is 5m deep from the ground, able to resist small bombs. And the last floor is 8-12m ender ground. The way up and down between basements is arranged by secret hatches. Above the camouflage discreetly, looking like the termite extruded mounds, along the tunnel with vents. The tunnel with large tunnels to rest, a place to store weapons, food, water wells, a Hoang Cam stove, a commander, anatomy ... There are also large vaults and roofs. Airy roofing, cleverly disguised to watch movies and arts.

See Also: How to visit Cu Chi Tunnels on Your Own?

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